Saturday, August 6, 2011


Sam Higgins, Dr. Nelson and Dr. Munro boating on the Clark's Fork River, circa early 1900's. Courtesy Maxine Laughlin Higgins collection.
J. V. Nesbitt came to Noxon with his son Harry on March 17, 1888 just five years after the railroad opened the area. He was manager of Bascomb and Greenough's sawmill at Noxon and soon bought Smead's shingle mill at Smead's Landing of Bull River Ferry.1. Later he built a boarding house. A newspaper clipping says Doc Smith had a store at Smead and McJunkin built a mill on the East fork of Bull river.2. McJunkin, in connection with people by the name of Smith, put up a log one and a half story house near where the East Fork of Bull River flowed into the main stream. Smith was dubbed "Old Doc Smith" although he was not a doctor.3. Smead's was a shingle mill making shingles from blocks of cedar. Whether McJunkin's mill was a cedar shingle mill or a lumber sawmill is unknown.

By 1894 Bascomb's Lumber Company had closed.4. Noxon had a population of 25 and Bascomb was the postmaster. Thomas . L. Greenough, the tie contractor, still operated his general store supplying post makers and tie hackers. Sam Miller owned the only saloon remaining. E. A. Yost was the railroad and express agent.5. In the fifth election held at Noxon only ten votes were cast at the station house polling place.6.

These were important years for the nation. Railroading had opened the west. The west was influencing voting to an increasing degree. In 1896 bimetalism gained worldwide attention when a proposal to establish silver at a ratio of sixteen to one to gold was put forth.

William J. Bryan won the democratic convention nomination on the issue. One of his slogans was,
"You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold."7.
Most of the miners left the mineral outcroppings in the Clark Fork valley. By this time the initial frenzy caused by the findings in these Bitterroot and Cabinet Mountains was beginning to fizzle. They had proven to be sporadic and misleading because of the numerously faulted rock formations that had broken the minerals into scattered, unreliable veins. Rich minerals ended after only a few feet of exploration dashing the prospector's first giddy beliefs that unending wealth would be easily taken, or so it seemed.

Prospectors in the Coeur d'Alene's had done what none in the Clark Fork valley had been able to accomplish. They snared the capital investors; the men with money to develop prospects so the Coeur d'Alene's continued to develop while the Clark Fork valley declined again.8.

The miners and prospectors fled from the valley to the Klondike region of western Canada where they suffered through the most picturesque gold rush in all history. 30,000 people rushed in, literally killing each other, as gold strike after gold strike was reported.9.

McKinley won the republican nomination on the gold standard and defeated Bryan for President of the United States.10. W. H. Smead left the shingle mill hamlet named after him and became Flathead Indian agent where he served in that capacity for about five years.11. 
* * * * *
Swan Swanson arrived in Noxon early in 1898. He had been a Lieutenant in the Swedish army. He and thirty-six others had been shipped to Ottawa, Canada to fight the Spaniards. Just as they arrived there, peace was declared. So Swan skipped out of the army, going to the United States. At Noxon he stepped off the train in the wilderness to find only a couple of shacks, the large log building that had housed Greenough's supply store, and the railroad buildings.12. The Polk Gazetteer listed Noxon's population at twenty-five but Swan didn't see them.13. All he saw was a depot agent and Ed Hampton and a big woodshed the railroad had filled with wood for their steam engines.14.

The only businesses and occupations remaining in Noxon in 1898 were J. H. Hire, nursery, and Andrew Knutson, hotel (this was the railroad owned section house.)16. The exodus was nearly complete, and the forests nearly uninhabited again.

The population at Trout Creek decreased to fifteen. Pat Kelly, postmaster and saloonkeeper, and NcNeel, railroad agent, along with miners, F. Cameron, M. B. Gray, David Miller and R. R. Schulder were among those still there.17.
Lottie Colberg taking her cream can to market in the wheelbarrow. Colbergs operated the Stockholm Restaurant in Heron. Courtesy Georgia Knott MacSpadden collection.
Will and Duane Davis purchased thin cattle, some for as little as $1.50 a head, and trailed them from the Flathead to the McGinnis Meadows northeast of Trout Creek. Throughout the summer of 1898 they fattened up on the lush meadow grass. The hardy cowpunchers drove their herd out over the Vermillion Trail, rousting the out of the timber when they strayed, through Willow Creek country and out at Trout Creek. Holding corrals built along the railroad confined them until they were shipped to Portland, Oregon.18.

Between 1860 and 1898 John B. Leiberg was commissioned to survey the timber on the public lands. Crews worked through northern Idaho and the adjoining Bitterroot Mountains. Lieberg's report, submitted in 1898, inventoried:
  1. Bitterroot Mountains of western Montana
  2. Clearwater River drainage to the Salmon River
  3. The Priest River-Clark Fork-Kootenai portion of north Idaho
  4. Forests between (2) and (3) in north Idaho.
They reported thirty-one billion board feet still standing in the Coeur d'Alene area alone and emphasized the hazards of destruction unless the forests were immediately supervised. White pine was a prized material for squared timbers and ships spars and masts.19.

Like other new arrivals, it wasn't long before Swan Swanson sized up the opportunity to make his fortune in timber. He went to work for the Goodchild Lumber Company, Thompson Falls, cruising timber. He knew timber because the army in Sweden had trained him as a fire fighter.

With a pack on his back containing forty pounds of oatmeal and ten pounds of bacon, Swan left Clark's Fork, Idaho December 30th to cruise timber in the back country. He went up lightening Creek and for thirty days roamed the mountains, sleeping in holes he'd burn down into the snow, line with his blanket, and then crawl into, never suffering from the January cold.

Satisfied that he'd done his best for his employer, Swan made his way out of Blue Creek, following it down to the Clark's Fork. There he got two logs, lashed them together with willows, and ferried himself across the river, and then hiked into Heron to catch a train.
Swan said, "I came up to the station and the agent said, 'There's no trains at all that stop here. There's a passenger train in the nmorning but nothing else,' he says. 'Now please get out of here,'"
"I stunk pretty bad I guess. I says, 'Hold on. I gotta catch a train outta here and I'm broke.'
"He said he couldn't help me any. So I felt in my pockets, and by golly I had thirdy-five cents. 'Here, I want to send a telegram to Linberg's and Goodchild that I'm at Heron and broke and I want to get out.'
"The agent took the telegram and then ordered me out of the depot. I went out. In about three minutes he came running out to tell me Number Two was going to stop for me.
"Number Two stopped. Then the conductor said, 'Please, get in the smoking car, will you?' I got there, too. And when I got to Thompson Falls old Linberg was waiting with a tem to meet me. He took me to town and got me a new suit of clothes and everything. I was in pretty hard shape. That was big, big country back there in the mountains to cruise."15.
* * * * *

In 1899 Robert S. Bragaw was appointed to Forest Reserve Supervisor at Rathdrum, Idaho for the Northern District of Idaho. Priest River also had a forest reserve.*20. Strong attempts were being made to stop timber stealing from public lands. W. C. King was arrested at Rathdrum for stealing state land timber.24.

During this period following the building of the railroad, while mining and lumbering weren't yet employing all the men who'd flocked to homestead in the area, animosity arose over aliens having jobs. Settlers became so concerned and vocal over scarcity of work that laws were introduced and passed in Idaho restricting employment of aliens. Chinamen, especially, were harassed but anyone not having taken out citizenship papers was in jeopardy. The Northern Pacific railroad officials agreed in 1899 to stop hiring aliens and let go those they employed.21. Late that summer woodsmen were battling with the NPRR for enough cars to ship their products.22. Several carloads of cattle were shipped to Montana.23.

New York newspapers were publishing accounts of how salmon egg stripping and artificial fertilizing of them was being done successfully. Eventually the Clark Fork River and the inhabitants of western Montana and northern Idaho would benefit from this process.25.

Diet was a thing of relative uncertainty. Either cured meats, which were being shipped in from Omaha, Nebraska, or venison were the main protein available. Beef cattle were scarce and so was hay. There were no dairy herds. Milk came in tin cans shipped in on the railroad, too. Crackers, beans, potatoes, bacon, just about all food, came from 'outside' the valley.26. Montana was paying war taxes, primarily on beer, cigars, proprietary stamps and imprints.27.

R. U. Goode of the Geological survey was working in the area. G. W. Phipps was employed in the land department of the Northern Pacific railroad selling timber to the lumbermen, then selling the logged over land to settlers.28.

Homesteaders were arriving in the area, grabbing up whatever land they could find. Public notices of land available were published and posted by the government as required by law. However, unscrupulous men often made certain that lumber company concerns got wind of the choicest timber land first. Public notices such as the following peppered the newspapers,  
"Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the clerk of the district court, in and for the county of ... at Missoula, Montana on ... (date.)"
The items included the settlers name, the property description, and the names and addresses of four witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon and cultivation of said land. This was followed by the name of the Clerk of court in capital letters. Since it was still a time of influx and exodus of the population, it was not always easy to secure the names and addresses of four witnesses who could verify that the homesteader had actually been on his land the required time.29.

Homesteaders were arriving in the area, grabbing up whatever land they could find. Public notices of land available were published and posted by the government as required by law. However, unscrupulous men often made certain that lumber company concerns got wind of the choicest timber land first. Public notices such as the following peppered the newspapers, The items included the settlers name, the property description, and the names and addresses of four witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon and cultivation of said land. This was followed by the name of the Clerk of court in capital letters. Since it was still a time of influx and exodus of the population, it was not always easy to secure the names and addresses of four witnesses who could verify that the homesteader had actually been on his land the required time.29.
"Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the clerk of the district court, in and for the county of ... at Missoula, Montana on ... (date.)"

Haying at Heron. Sidney Knott, Alfred Edwards, Mrs. Skinner, and unidentified child. Georgia Knott on the rake. Courtesy Georgia Knott MacSpadden collection.
Captain Peter Weare and his wife, Emma, came to Noxon in 1900. Weare, a fifty-year-old veteran of the Indian Wars in Nebraska wanted to prospect the mountains around Noxon. Emma was forty-five. When they came to Noxon they left behind two grown sons, Major and Clifford R. who, with his own family, was living in Minon, Wisconsin working in the lumber business.

Captain Weare and his wife, who was half Indian, roamed in the mountains from whence Rock Creek flowed south into the Clark's Fork River, east and north of Noxon, examining rocks and significant geological formations at the high elevations above Rock Lake. Weare's mineral prospects were east of Rock Creek ridge. He went in on the Vermillion side and found silver, lead and a little gold.

Weare figured the gold had come from the head of Copper Gulch. He wrote his son, Clifford R., to come on out. They were lonely for him. And they were enthusiastic about the country and it's timber, mineral and water potentials.30.

In 1900 the population of Noxon held steady at 25, which included all those scattered in the surrounding canyons.31. Ed. Hampton was postmaster.32. Heron had 60 residents, a shingle mill, sawmill and a hotel and store operated by Henry Schwindt, who was also the postmaster. E. C. Crosby, Ed Knott and N. Laremy (sic) were making their living by cutting telephone poles which were being shipped out on railroad cars.33. Those who were tenacious, determined and resourceful were staying, surviving and succeeding.

Next: Chapter 7
  1. Undated newspaper clipping in University of Montana archives.
  2. Undated newspaper clipping in University of Montana archives.
  3. Frank Berray, tape-recorded oral history 1970.
  4. Frontier Index, Thompson Falls, MT, undated.
  5. Polk Gazeteer, 1894-95. (R. L. Polk and Company published city directories for many years. In the 1880s through the early 1900s they also published what they called 'Gazeteers' which listed towns in several states, including businesses in each town. Starting about 1884, included in one book called Polk's Gazeteer were Minnesota, North and South Dakota and Montana. Copies of these books are now rare. An almost complete set exists in the Helena, Montana Public Library.
  6. Missoula County courthouse records.
  7. World Almanac 1970, published by Newspaper Enterprise Association.
  8. Clifford R. Weare, tape-recorded oral history, 1971.
  9. Gold Rushes and Mining Camps of The Early American West, by Vardis Fisher and Opal Laurel Holmes.
  10. World Almanac 1970, published by Newspaper Enterprise Association.
  11. The 1899 Souvenier of National Irrigation Congress.
  12. Swan Swanson, tape-recorded oral history, 1970.
  13. Polk Gazeteer, 1898.
  14. Swan Swanson, tape-recorded oral history, 1970.
  15. Swan Swanson, tape-oral history, 1970.
  16.  Polk Gazeteer, 1898.
  17. Polk Gazeteer, 1898.
  18. In The Shadow Of The Cabinets, by Libby Writer's Group, Montana Institute of The Arts.
  19. White Pine - King Of Many Waters, by Charles C. Strong.
  20. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID June 2, 1899.
  21. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID June 23, 1899.
  22. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID August 11, 1899.
  23. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID August 11, 1899.
  24. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID August 11, 1899.
  25. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID 1899 (undated).
  26. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID 1899 (undated).
  27. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID 1899 (undated).
  28. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID July 28, 1899.
  29. Kootenai County Republican, Sandpoint, ID 1899 (undated).
  30. Clifford R. Weare, tape-recorded oral history, 1970.
  31. Polk Gazeteer, 1899.
  32. National Archives.
  33. Polk Gazeteer, 1899.

Tuesday, March 29, 2011

Vol. 3 Name Index

Abley, Alice

Adams, Bernice Winter

Adams, George

Adams, James L.

Adams, W. C. (Judge)

Adams, Thelma Harvey

Ainsworth, A. S.

Ainsworth, (son of A. S.)

Alexanderson, Dr.

Allan, Annie

Allan, Fred P.

Allan, Lucy Jenkins

Alvord, A. A.

Anderson Dr.

Anderson, Ivan V. "Andy"

Andrews (girls)

Arbuckle, Roscoe "Fatty"

Argo, Pearl

Arms, Dan

Atkinson, Miss


Aue, Sam

Baird, Homer

Baker, Andrew

Baker, Bill

Baker, Clyde E. (sheriff)

Baker, George

Baker, Georgia

Baker, Harry Lee

Baker, Mrs.

Baldwin, Ruby Fulks

Baligrodzki, B. M.

Bandelin, O. J.

Bannec, Mr. & Mrs.

Bannister, Alice

Bartholomew, Ethel

Bartholomew, Ira B. "Strawberry"

Bartow, Mr.

Bateman, R. E.

Bauer, Aleatha

Bartlett, F. B.

Bascom & Greenough

Bascomb, Almon W.

Bauer, Aleatha

Baker, E. D.

Baker, E. O.

Baker, George

Baker, Jonathan

Baker, Nola

Baker, Mrs.

Baker, Roy

Baldwin, C. A.

Baldwin, C. L.

Baldwin, Mrs. C. L.

Bauer, Alzire

Bauer, Charles

Bauer, Clayton "Clate"

Bauer, Granville "Skinny"

Bauer, Irene

Bauer, James "Jim"

Bauer, Mrs. Stella Jane

Bauer, Velma Webster

Baxter, Lena

Beal, John "Johnny"

Beal, Mrs. H. J.

Beal, Tom

Beason, Jesse O.

Beason, Mary Doyle

Beckman, W. H.


Bedard, (son)

Beebe,, J.Randal "Buck"

Behmerwohld, Harry

Behmerwohld, Honas

Bell, D. M.

Bell, Mr.

Bennion, Fred

Berray, "Algie"

Berray, Betty Jo

Berray, Caspar "Cap

Berray, Evelyn VanCleve

Berray, Frank

Berray, Helen

Berray, James C."Jim"

Berray, Julia Higgins

Berray, Kay

Bib, Kay

Biber, Carl

Billmeyer, Dr. D. H.

Black, Frank H.

Black, Irving

Black, James A.

Black, Saml. I.

Black, Susan H.

Boher, R.

Bowen, Mr.

Boyd, L. M. "Mel"

Braden, Isabel


Briggs, C. F.

Britton, Wally

Bixen, Audrey Moore

Brock, Ida

Brock, Melvin

Brock, Nels

Brock, Orville

Brock, Soren


Brockway, "Old"

Broderson, Theodore

Brooks, Joe

Brothers, Leonard

Brothers, Ross

Brotherston, Earnest

Brown, F. C. (see Fred E.)

Brown, Fred E.

Brown, Lillian Drury

Brown, Madelaine

Buckman, Daisy

Buck, Elizabeth

Buck, George H.

Buel, Deputy Sheriff

Bunn, Bryant B.

Burdette, Bill

Burdette, George William

Burdett, Mrs. George William

Burke & McBride

Burns, Tommy

Burrill, G. S

Burton, John

Bushey, Hubert S.

Buxton, George

Callahan, Ed


Canfield, J.

Carlise, A.

Carlise, J. A

Carmichael, Grace (see Nelson)

Carmichael, Zenus

Carner, Marion (see McKee)

Carner, R. A. "Happy"

Carney & Co.

Cavanah, Judge

Caza, Zin

Chalmers, Rhoda Corn

Chapin E.

Chastens, Aarthur

Cheney, L. L. "Lon"

Christianson, (see LeGault)

Clark, A. C.

Clark, Jack

Claxton, Blanche Gordon

Clayton, Austin

Clayton, Earl

Clayton, Elsie

Clifton, Applegate & Toole

Cluzen, Bobby

Cluzen, Margaret Larson

Coan, Dan

Cole, Richard J.


Colvin, "Coley" (See J. C.)

Colvin, James

Conn, H

Connelley, Frank

Connelly, F. M (See Connelley)

Conner, Dan

Conners, Mike

Conroy, L. W.

Cook, J. H.


Copeland, Annie Christina (See Pringle)

Coppery, Fred

Copley, Al

Coppedge, Fritz

Corn, Bonnie

Corn, Jack

Corn, Rhoda

Cotton, Lillian "Lilly" Jenkins

Cotton, Marion

Cox, A. Ben

Cox, Cliff

Cox, Lawrence "Larry"

Cox, Margaret

Cox, Mary

Cox, Thelma M.

Coyer, John

Craig, Clayton

Craig, Margaret

Cramer, A. J.

Cramer, Albert

Cramer, Robert

Crawford, Carl H. Crighton, James

Chrighton, Sheila (see Gardner)

Crit, Bob

Crozier, Roy

Culbert, Daisy

Culbert, W. W.

Collogan, Mr.

Cummings, Edna Evans

Cummings, Kenney

Curtis, H.

Dahlberg, Helen

Dahlstrom, Victor

Daly, J

Daly, John

Dameron, Stella Gordon

Daniels, Dick

Daniels, Elmer

Daniels, Howard

Daniels, Laura

Daniels, Mrs. Ida

Darling, W. A.

Daugharty, Gordon "Bud"

Davidson, W. R

Davies, Alex "Scottie"

Davis, H. L.

Davis, Lillian

Delavan, D. C.

DeLong, Dan, Sr.

DeLong, Daniel

DeLong, Louise (see Taylor)

Denny, Mr.

Deno, Bud

Derr, A. M.

Dettwiler, Art "Shorty"

Dettwiler, Emil

Dettwiler, Gene

Dettwiler, Marvin

Dettwiler, Ruth (see McQuaide)

Devan, W. T.

Dewart, J. F.

Dills, Reverend

Dingman, Oscar

Diver, F. I. (see Divers)

Divers, F. I.

Divers, Mrs. F. I.

Dixon, Frank

Dixon, Joseph M.

Dobravec, Agnes

Dobravec, Frank

Dobravec, Joseph "Joe"

Dobravec, Leon

Dobravec, Rose

Dodge, Bessie

Dodge, Ellen

Dodge, Isobel

Dodge, Maurice

Dodge, Wagner

Dodge, Wayland

Dolan, John

Donahue, Bob

Donovan, John F.

Dougherty, C. J.

Douglas, A. R.

Doyle, Andy

Drake, Howard

Dryer, bachelor

Dryer, son

Duffy, George "Red"

Duffy, Jim "Jimmy"

Duffy, Johnny

Duffy, Katie

Duffy, Patrick

Duffy, Patrick "Pat"

Duffy, Terry

Dunn, Alexander L.

Dymer, Miss

Easter, Bernice

Easter, Elmer

Easter, Mary (see Younker)

Easter, Mrs.

Eastland, Reverend

Ekstedt, Clarence

Ekstedt, Viola Vorderbrueggen

Elison, Mary

Ellinwood, Alice "Sally"

Ellinwood, Gladys

Ellinwood, Hazel

Ellinwood, Howard

Ellinwood, Irene

Ellinwood, Lloyd

Ellis, Almeda "grandma"

Ellis, Bill

Ellis, Charles "Billy"

Ellis, Edna

Ellis, Nettie

Elphick, John

Elphick, Mabel Jane

Engle, Alma

Engle, Earl

Engle, Carrie "Grandma"

Engle, Isaac

Engle, Katie

English, Dr.

Eplin, Neil

Erickson, John

Esler, Alta Syth

Etenger, H.Ettinger, Gladys

Evans, Edna (see Cummings)

Evans, John. M.

Evans, Millie

Evans, Mrs. David

Evans, Thomas

Fairchild, Lillian

Fairweather, Hallie

Fanslow, Mr.

Fassett, C. M.

Fernandez, Michael

Fewkes, Del

Fillerup, S. A.

Finnelly, Grace Gordon

Finnelly, John T. "Jack"

Finnigan, Bill "Billy"

Finnigan, James H.

Finnigan, Lottie (see Moore & Hazelroth)

Finnigan, William "Bill"

Fishe, Paul

Fisher, Cass

Fitting, Mr.

Fitzgerald, Ed, Jr.

Fitzwater, I. A.

Fleeming, Mrs.

Fleming, Curtis

Felming, Dean

Fleming, Ralph

Flolo, Beatrice

Flolo, Minnie

Flolo, Mr.

Flolo, Ola

Foland, Harriet Louise (see Raynor)

Foley, "Dad"

Foote, Clarence

Fox, Clinton

Franck, L. S.

Freeman, James "Jim"

French, Dorothy

Fulks, Alice "Grandma"

Fulks, John "Grandpa"

Fulks, Charles

Fulks, Ethel (see Greer & Bartholomew)

Fulks, Golda (see Hollar)

Fulks, Julia (see Jude LeGault)

Fulks, William

Gage, Ray

Gamble, Wallace "Wally"

Gandy, Lloyd E.

Gardner, George

Garner, Sheila (see Crighton)

Garrett, Inzez R.

Gaven, Emil


Geske, Bill

Getty, Agnes

Getty, Grandma

Gittings, Mr.

Glasgow, R. L. Rev.

Goddard, H. A.

Gordon, Blanche (see Claxton)

Gordon, Clyde Lester

Gordon, Grace (see Finnelly)

Gordon, Granville "Granny"

Gordon, Lester

Gordon, Pauline Reithmiller

Gordon, Stella (see Dameron)

Gore, Carrie

Gore, Cleo

Gore, Ed "Eddy"


Graham, Olver

Grant, Conrad "Con"

Grant, Ronald


Greeden, John

Green, Bryce

Green, Gerld "Gene"

Green, Leda Jenkins

Green, Lyle

Green, Patrick E.

Green, Phil

Greenough, C. W.

Greenwood, Alma Engle

Greer, Bill

Greer, Charlie

Greer, Chester "Chess"

Greer, Dan

Greer, Eldon

Greer, Ethel Fulks (Bartholomew)

Greer, George

Greer, Goldie

Greer, Homer

Greer, Mary (see Miller)

Greer, Wm. "Will"

Grofv, J. W.

Gross, George

Hagel, Frank

Hagerty, John

Hagerty, Mary Ellen "Mammie"

Hale, Mr.

Hall, Mr.

Hall, Mrs.

Halves, Red (see Haves)


Hampton, Agnes Jenkins

Hampton, Arthur "Art"

Hampton, Dorrien

Hampton, Edward

Hampton, Florence "Fanny"

Hampton, George

Hampton, Kate

Hampton, Marjorie

Hampton, Stewart

Harder, George

Harker, Harry

Harker, J. H.

Harker, Jay

Harker, John

Harker, Mr.

Harker, Mrs.

Harris, F. E.

Harris, Frank

Harris, H. A.

Harris, Hazel

Harris, Mrs. H. A.

Harris, Stella

Harrison, I.

Hart, Medora "Grandma"

Hart, Helen

Hart, Horace

Hart, Otis

Hart, Pauline & Otis

Hart, William James

Hartje, Charles G.

Hartje, Richard

Hartje, Sydney E.

Hartje, Sydney O.

Hartman, Edward

Hartman, Joseph

Hartman, Mrrs. J. L.

Hartman, Earl

Harvey, Elwood

Harvey, Elwood, Sr., "Ford"

Harvey, Sybyl (see Smith)

Harvey, Thelma Pringle

Hasse Alice

Hasse, Beulah

Hasse, Doris

Hauge & Jeannot's Store

Haves, "Red"


Haviland, Mrs.

Hayes, Bill

Hays, Gene

Hays, Kenneth

Heater, Perry A.

Held, Billy

Held, Willette

Helphery, Guy S.

Hemminger, Betty

Hemminger, Chester

Henderson, Sarah J.

Henderson, Thom

Henn, Walter

Herbert, Wm.

Herman, Charlie

Herrick, "Old"

Hessman, Ed

Hetts, C. E.

Higgins, Billy

Higgins, Del

Higgins, Frances "Fanny" Saint

Higgins, Harley

Higgins, Laura

Higgins, Maxine (see Laughlin)

Higgins, Phoebe Saint

Higgins, Ray

Higgins, Sam

Higgins, Sam (son)

Higgins, Shirley

Higgins, William J. "Bill"

Hildebrand, Lela

Hileman, Robert

Hill, (game warden)

Hines, Paul

Hitchner & Hitchner, Inc.

Holbert, S. Ray

Holbert, Samuel B. "Sam"


Hollar, Golda Fulks

Hollister, Ardyth

Hollister, Carl

Hollister, Mr.

Holmes, A. G.

Homes, Carl

Holstein A.

Honberger, Mrs.


Hopkins, W. P.



Hoyt, Fern Saint

Hoyt, R. R.

Huck, C. V

Hughes, J. M.

Hulbert, Hull, Bill

Hyatt, "Old Dad"

Hyde, W. L.

Hylent, Arlene

Hylent, Vern

Iff, Bob


Innes, Ellen Jenkins

Irvin, Joe

Jacques, Sylvia

Jamison, George

Jamison, Laura

Jamison, Lillian

Jamison, Loren "Landy"

Jamison, Montana "Tana"

Jamison, Walter "Tag"

Jamison, Zella Brown

Jeannot & Hauge's Store

Jefferson, "Jeff"

Jefferson, Frank J.

Jenkins, Agnes (see Hampton)

Jenkins, Betty Wilson

Jenkins, Bob

Jenkins, Claude

Jenkins, Clyde

Jenkins, Ellen

Jenkins, Everett

Jenkins, Freeman

Jenkins, "Grandma"

Jenkins, "Grandpa"

Jenkins, Hallie Fairweather

Jenkins, Howard

Jenkins, Jack

Jenkins, John

Jenkins, Laura

Jenkins, Lucille

Jenkins, Lucy Allan

Jenkins, Mary Ellen "Minnie" Hagerty

Jenkins, Merle "Toad"

Jenkins, Richard "Dick"

Jenkins, Robert

Jenkins, Ted "Teddy"

Jess, Dr.

Jewett, Herb

Jewett, Wilbur

Johnson, Julia (see "Jude" LeGault)

Johnson, Bert

Johnson, Bob

Johnson, Leroy

Johnson, Lloyd

Johnson, Mr.

Johnson, Paul

Johnson, Sherman

Johnston, J. M., Rev.

Jones, David "Dave"

Jones, Ed

Jones, Ernest

Kalb, Dr.

Kalslo, Depot

Karl, Joe

Kendall, Orin P.

Kenny, W. M.

Keogh, E. J.

Kerr, Wm. M.

Hershisnik, F. J.

Kincade, Francis


King, Frances

King, Frank

King, Frankie

King, Ina (see Mercer)

King, Jesse

King, John

King, Loren

King, Verda

Kirby, D. D.

Kirby, John Lee

Kirby, Mary C.

Kirschbaum, Harvey

Kiser, Karl

Kittrel, W. A.

Kline, Albert J. "AJ"

Kline, Gerald (Gerard) "Jerry"

Kline, Raymond

Kline, Roland "Red"

Kline, Wilhelma

Knott, Anna

Knott, Elizabeth "Bessie"

Knott, Georgia (see MacSpadden

Knott, Harry

Knott, John Edmund "Henry" or "Ed"

Knott, Louise (see Taylor)

Knutson, Andrerw "Andy"

Knutson, Charles "Charlie"

Knutson, Donna Pringle

Knutson, Elmer

Knutson, John "Johnny"

Knutson, Mary

Knutson, Rhoda

Kock, Elers

Koltze, A. L.

Krause, Bill

Krause, Herman

Krook, Bros.

Kurtz, Nellie

Kurwitz, Donna Jean

Kurwitz, Elmer

Kurwitz, George

Kurwitz, Montana "Tana" Jamison

LaBert, Mrs.

Laffay, Lois (or LaFfey, LaFey)

Lake, Almeda

Lake, Dale

Lake, Lula

Lake, Stanley

Lake, Walter

LaMarche, Geraldine Brooks

Lamb, W. A.

Lang, Mrs.

Lang, Mrs. M.

Lang, John (Rev.)

Lang, M. (Rev.)

Laramie, Merle "Napoleon"

Larson, Anna McDonald

Larson, Betty McNeil

Larson, Bob

Larson, Caroline

Larson, Elizabeth

Larson, Francis

Largon, George

Larson, Henry A.

Larson, Howard

Larson, Madeline Brown

Larson, Margaret (see Cluzen)

Larson, Marienus "Marion"

Larson, Martin A.

Larson, Maude

Larson, Norman "Swede"

Laughlin, Maxine Higgins

Lawyer, Tim

Layton,Patsy Duffy

Lee, Alice

Lee, Eugene L. (Rev.)

Lee, Gertrude

Lee, Jesse

Lee, Mrs. E. L.

Lee, Robert E., (Gen.)

Leeson, Albert "Al"

Leeson, Carol

Leeson, Chester

LeGault, Arthur

LeGault, Beatrice

LeGault, Blossom

LeGault, Julia "Jude" Greer

LeGault, Leonaard

LeMasters, Lee

Lentz, Judge

Lenzi, Ray

Leopold, Dr. Doneita (See Knutson)

Leopold, Harry

Leslie, Marian Weare

Letterman, Mrs.


Lloyd, Dr.

Lode, Geo.

Long, Mrs.

Long, Ross

Lovell, Bros.

Lowell, John


Luckman, Mrs.

Ludwick, Morris

Lumber Co., Comstock

Lumber Co., Lyons, F. W.

Lumber Co., J. Neils

Lumber Co., Karlot

Lumber Co. Mann

Lumber Co. McGoldrick

Lyde, Ed

Lyons, Frank

Lyons, Mrs. Frank

Lyons, York

Lytten, H. D.

MacDonald (see McDonald)

MacSpadden, Donald

MacSpadden, F. E.

MacSpadden, Georgia Knott

Mahoney, Slim

Mallory, Virgil W.

Manicke, Alice

Manicke, Charles

Manicke, Frank

Manicke, Wilma

Marksbury, Joseph

Martin, Charles

Massey, John H.



May, Christie Agnes (See McKay)

May, D. K.

May, Charles "Grandfather"

Maynard, C. L.

Maynard, Charles "Charley"

Maynard, Don

Maynard, Pearl

Maynard, Ruth

McBee, Ruth D. (see Mercer)

McCann, Edna

McCarty, Dan

McClay, W. S.

McClung, Danny

McClung, Hilda

McClung, Ivy

McClung, Walt

McClure, Mr

McConnell, C. F. (Rev.)

McConnell, Dorothy (see Weare)

McConnell, Elizabeth

McConnell, Grace Marie

McConnell, Hugh

McCormick, H. V.

McCory, E. R.

McCrary, Miss

McCully, A. F.

McCully, Ernest

McCully, Fred

McCully, Mona Mae

McCurdy, W. S.

McDonald, Anna (see Larson)

McDonald, Cassie

McDonald, Florence

McDonald, Hattie

McDonald, Mabel

McDowell, Catherine

McDowell, Tom

McDuffy, Maynard


McFarland & Marsky

McFarland, L. D.

McGloughlin, Tom

McGraw, Jack

McKay, Ann

McKay Christie Agnes (see May)

McKay, Francis

McKay, Ingrid Sundgaard

McKay, John Francis

McKay, John H.

McKay, John, Jr.

McKay, Maurice

McKay, Patricia

McKay, Robert "Bob"

McKay, Rose

McKay, Ruth (see Tauscher)

McKay, Tommy

McKee, Marion

McKee, Paul

McKiernan, Mac

McLinden, Melvin

McNeil, Fern

McPhearson, Amy

McQuaide, Ruth Dettwiler


Mead, Dan

Mead, Elenita (see Scheffler)

Mead, Lowell

Mead, Margaret

Mead, Petra Paulsen

Mead, (Professor)

Meadows, Angie Thompson

Meadows, Effie

Meadows, Elizabeth "Lizzie" Coombs

Meadows, Ray

Meadows, Roy

Meadows, William "Will"

Meany, J. J.

Mercer, Charles "Chas"

Mercer, Charles Hamilton

Mercer, Cyril

Mercer Essie Mae Thomson

Mercer, George

Mercer, Ina King

Mercer, John

Mercer, Mary "Anna"

Mercer, Mary Ward

Mercer, Ronald "Dude"

Mercer, Ruth D. (see McBee)

Metcalf, Lewis E. (Rev.)

Miller, Ethel "Skeets"

Miller, James "Jim"

Miller, Johnnie

Miller, Kenneth "Kenny"

Miller, Mary Greer

Miller, Mrs.

Minear, Francis "Frank"

Minear, Fred

Minear, Lina Leota "Ollie"

Minear, Ruth

Minnor, Bessie

Minnor, Mr.

Minnor, Richard

Moderie, Joe

Monohan, Mrs.

Monroe, D.A.

Moonen, Tom

Moore, Audrey (see Brixen)

Moore, Bishop

Moore, Camen

Moore, Frank J.

Moore, Reuben

Moore, W. H.

Morrison, M. P.

Moser, Don

Moser, Mrs.

Moser, William (Sheriff)

Mosier, Ada

Mulberg, Ruth

Munson, Chas. "Charlie"

Munson, Vern "Flattail"

Murray, Marshall

Myers, Buzz

Nanny, Paul

Napoleon (see Laramie)

Nash, Albert

Nelsen, Glen

Nelsen, Grace Carmichael

Nelsen, Harvey

Nelson, Dr.

Newberry, Wm. G.

Newell, Roy

Newton, Donald

Newton, Janet

Newton, "Hilda" or "Tillie"

Nippert, (Judge)

Nolan, Albert

Noll, Art

Noll, Bob

Noll, Emma

Norman, Alex

Norton, Chas. H.

Norton, John

Nutting, Wilder (Rev.)

Nye, Mr.

Nylent, Carl

O'Donnell, (lodging house)

Ogelby, Miss

Older, Mrs. Rollo

Older, Rollo

Olds, Bernice

Oliphant, M. M.

Olson, D. S.

Olson, H. R.

Olson, Rodney

Olver, Don

Olver, Felix

Olver, Jack

Olver, June

Olver, Mrs. V. C.

Olver, Roberta J.

Olver, Vivian O.

Orino, Sam

Orr, Alex

Orr, Conrad "Connie"

Ostlund, George "Doc"

Ovnicek, Adolph "Buck"

Ovnicek, Bill

Page & Hill Co.

Pallmer, Theodore

Palmer, C. W.

Parks, Wade R.

Parkland, Lee

Parrot, Frank

Paulson, Dick

Paulson, Stone E.

Pearsall, Don

Peck, Mary

Peek, Dr. E. A.

Perry, Perry A. (sheriff)

Peters, Charley


Peterson, Margaret

Peterson, Milli

Peterson, Ray

Peterson, W. R. "Chuck"

Pettitt, Jack

Phillips, Bernice

Phillips, Clinton

Phillips, George

Phillips, Lester

Phillips, R. E.

Pierce, W. E. (Rev.)

Pilick (or Pilik)

Pinchot, Gifford

Poe, Marshal

Poirer, R. N.

Poirer, Ted

Poole, Chas.

Price, Reese J.

Pringle, Annie (see Winter)

Pringle, Doneita (see Knutson)

Pringle, Harry Howard

Pringle, (Rev.)

Pringle, Thelma (see Harvey)

Prinze, Al

Proctor, Fred

Prouty, J. H.


Purcell, C. H.]Purcell, Ed

Putney, Helen


Randolph, Tom

Rankin, Attn. Gen.

Rappe, Virginia

Rasmussen, Faye

Rasmussen, Ivan "Ike"

Rasmussen, Mr.

Rasmussen, Mrs.

Rassmussen, Katie Duffy

Raunig, Alois

Ray, Chas

Raynor, Arthur W.

Raynor, Bessie Dingley

Raynor, Bill

Raynor, Edward

Raynor, Fred W.

Raynor, Gilbert

Raynor, Guy

Raynor, Harriet Louise Foland

Raynor, Harry

Raynor, Joel Sherman

Raynor, Ken

Raynor, Laurence

Raynor, Lois

Raynor, Mrs. Gilbert

Raynor, Roy

Raynor, Wesley

Redeye, Earl

Redfern, Jaspar

Reed, H. E.

Reed, Pearl

Regnold, Melvin

Reilly (s;?) Reily

Reist, Geo.

Reuss, F. W.

Rhodes, & Dillard

Richards, Ross

Richardson, Leon

Rillard, (County


Robb, Walter

Robb, Will

Robinson, C. S.

Robinson, Frank

Rollwitz, W. A.

Roosevelt, Pres. Theodore

Roosevelt, Pres. Franklin D.

Ross, (brothers)

Ross, Frank

Ross, Len

Ross, R. R. "Kid"

Roth, Cora Brown

Rowe, (kids)

Rowe, Mr.

Rue, Dr.

Rummley, Pegleg

Runyan, C. W.

Runyon, Red

Ryan, Andy

Ryan, J. E.

Saint, Alice

Saint, Anthony Wayne

Saint, Benjamin F. "Ben"

Saint Bruce

Saint, Don

Saint, Fern Fulks

Saint, George

Saint, Gerald

Saint, H. R. "Bob"

Saint, James C. "Jimmy"

Saint, Montana "Tana"

Saint, Mrs. A. W., "Grandma"

Salisbury, John

Salmon, Dr.

Sanders, Colonel

Sandy, Albert "Andy"

Sanger, C. A.

Sanger, Mrs.

Sasek, Anna

Sasek, Evelyn

Sasek, Louis

Sater, Mr.

Sawyer, Mr.

Scheffler, Clyde

Scheffler, Ednumd "Ed"

Scheffler, Elenita Mead

Scheffler, Ellen

Scheffler, Elmer

Scheffler, Helen

Scheffler, Mabel

Scheffler, Mrs. Clyde

Scheffler, Nellie

Scheffler, Paul Henry

Scheffler, Ruthie

Scholes, William

Schwet, Evelyn

Sellmer, Bob

Sheridan, "Red"

Shove, Loren

Shultz, Harvey

Schumacker, girl

Siegert, Jim

Sinclair, Mrs.

Siria, Carl H.

Skelton, Johnny

Skelton, Nellie Duffy

Skillicorn, Harry


Skoles, Bill

Skoles, Ed


Smith, Benji L.

Smith, Charles (Prof.)

Smith, Homer H.

Smith, Rae B.

Smith, Sybyl E. Harvey

Smith, Wm.

Snider, Robert H

Snyder, Arthur "Art"

Snyder, Ernest "Ernie"

Snyder, Eurrcel

Snyder, Lester "Les"

Snyder, Morris

Snyder, Rena

Snyder, Sylvia

South, M. C.

Stackhouse, C. P.

Stackhouse, Dr.

Stackhouse, Pearl

Stanley, H. H.

Stapley, E. B.

Starr, Dr.

Stewart, S. V. (Gov.)

Stinger, Glen

Stockman, Bill

Stone & Webster

Stover, Ruth

Strawberry (see Bartholomew)

Striker, William Chelcie

Sutherland, George

Swanson, "Swan"

Tabor, kids

Tallmadge, Frank

Tallmadge, Harry

Tallmadge, June

Tallmadge, Les

Tallmadge, Sarah Cobear

Tanner, George W.

Tarr, D. K.

Tauscher, Hubert "Hub"

Tauscher, Ruth McKay

Taylor, Betty

Taylor, Emma

Taylor, Harry

Taylor, Louise Knott

Taylor, Tom

Tempro, Cora

Tempro, Cy

Thayer, Arther

Thayer, Charles

Thayer, Frank

Thayer, Fred

Theleen, D.E. (Capt.)

Thomas, Bobby

Thompson, Angie (see Meadows)

Thompson, L.

Thompson, Mrs.

Thomson, C. L.

Thomson, Charles

Thomson, Dewey

Thomson, Emmett E.

Thomson, Essie (see Mercer)

Thomson, Ruth

Tidland, Mrs.

Tobin & Son

Tomkins, Frank

Toole, Howard (Attny.)

Toothacher, Dr. Doc"

Torgrimson, MAbel

Tranor, Merill

Trickey, Viola

Trist, N. B.

Tunnison, Lyle

Turner, Helen

Ully, Jack

Ulrick, Fieda Weare

Ulrick, Jack

Urner, F.

Van Der Brink, Lena

Van Horn

VanCleve, Theda

Vanderpool, Sam

Vanek, Arthur "Art"

Vanek, Frank

VanVliet, H. J. (Rev.)

Vaughn, Garner

Vign, George

Von Hollenbeck,

Vorderbrueggen, Bert

Vorderbrueggen, Fran

Vorderbrueggen, Mary

Vorderbrueggen, Viola (see Ekstedt)

Wagener, Rena Swanson


Walker, Tommy

Wallett & Pardin

Ward, Mary (see Mercer)

Ward, Jimmy

Watkins, Joe

Watterson, Clarence

Watterson, Mildred

Watterson, Mrs. Vern

Watterson, Vern. W.

Watts, Jim

Waylett, Albertine

Weare Clifford R.

Weare, Clifford A. "Buster"

Weare, Donald

Weare, Dorothy McConnell

Weare, Ethel Baxter

Weare, Lloyd

Weare, Marian (see Leslie)

Weare, Mrs. Peter

Weare, Neal

Weare, Peter

Weare, Richard "Mickey"

Webster, Velma (see Bauer)

Weisenburger, Mr.

Wertz, Mr.

Wheelan, E. W.

Wheeler, Burton K. (Sen.)

Whisler, Frederick D.

White, A. C.

White, George

White, James E.

Wicksell, Charles

Wigal, Jean

Wight, E. J.

Williams, G. C.

Williams, Mr.

Williamson, C. C.

Wilson, Chas.

Wilson, Dr. Clarence True

Wilson H.

Wilson, Homer

Wilson, Nellie Mae

Wilson, Robert "Bob"

Winkleman, Dick

Winter, Annie (see Pringle)

Winter, Burnard "Burnie"

Winter, Mary

Wolf, Wes


Woolf, Mr.

Woolf, Mrs.

Worstel, Mrs.

Wuerl, Fred A.

Wuerl, Helen R.

Youell, Heath

Younker, Alfred

Younker, Arthur "Art"

Younker, Lloyd

Younker, Lyle

Younker, Jary Easter

Younker, Minnie

Younker, Wanda

Ziegler, Robert

Zimmerman, Ada


Vol. 2 Name Index


Adams, Arthur

Adams, W. C. (J of P)

Ainsworth, A. S.

Allan, Alec

Allan, Frank

Alvord, A. A. (co. attny.)

Anderson, Bertha

Anderson, Bob

Anderson, Frank M.

Anderson, Mrs. F. M.

Anderson, Mrs. Ruby

Andrews, B. B.

Andrews, Mrs. B. B.

Angst, Elmer

Arnold, John

Arthurs, Jack


Aue, Warren

Ayer, Adelaid M.


Baily orhcestra

Baird & Wales

Baird, Homer

Baker, George

Baker, Mr. & Mrs. George

Bales, B. F.

Bartholomew, Ethel

Bartholomew, Ira B. "Strawberry"

Bauer, Clayton "Clate"

Bauer, Granville "Skinny"

Bauer, Irene

Bauer, James (baby)

Bauer, Jos. "James"

Baxter, A. A.

Baxter, Mrs. Lena "Grandma"

Beal, H. J.

Beal, John

Beals, Mrs. John

Beason, J. D. (see Jess)

Beason, J. O. (see Jess)

Bedard, Joe

Beebe, Randall

Behre, C. Edward

Berray, Caspar "Cap"

Berray, Frank

Berray, Jas. A. "Jim"



Blackfoot Lumber Co.



Bou, Frank

Bourquin, Judge George M.

Bowels, E. L.

Bracy, Ralph

Brady, W. R.

Brand, Flora

Brauer, John H.

Brixen, Audrey Moore

Brockway, Jas.

Brooks, A. N.

Brooks, Alice

Brooks, Joe

Brooks, Hazel

Brooks, Mr.

Bros., Elllis

Bros., King

Bros., Lux

Bros., Ray

Brown, Cora (see Roth)

Brown, Gladys

Brown, John G.

Brown Madeline

Brown, Lillian Drury

Brown, Mr. & Mrs.

Brown, Mrs. Sheldon S.

Brown, Fred (USFS Ranger)

Brown, Sheldon S.

Brown, Zelda


Buck's Store

Buck, Elizabeth (see Mrs. Geo.)

Buck, George H.

Buck, Mrs. George H.

Bump, F. A.

Bunn, Bryant B.

Bunn, Josephine

Burdette, J. W.

Burdette, George

Burdettes, (family)

Burk, Steve, Sr.

Burnette, Mr.

Butler, Dr. W. J.

Buxton, George

Byers, A. E.

Callon, Art

Callon, Frank

Campbell, J. R.

Campbell, Will H.

Cane, Mr. Carbury, Mr.

Carlin, Mr.


Carmichael, Grace

Carmichael, Zenus

Carpy (Mine)

Carter, Fred

Cheel, Mabel Watson

Watson, Mabel (see Cheel)


Claxton, Blanche Gordon

Clayton, Austin

Clayton, Charles Neil

Clayton, Christine

Clayton, Earl

Clayton, Elinor "Nan"

Clayton, Grace

Clayton, Mrs.

Cluzen (girls)

Cluzen, Margaret Larson (See Larson)

Coan, Dan

Cobear, Sarah (see Tallmadge)

Cohn, Hyma

Colins, James C. (see Colvin)

Collogan, Clara

Collogan, Joe

Colvin, James C. "Coley"

Compton, Elinor

Conley, Miss

Connally, Frank (see Connelley)

Connelley, Frank

Connelley, John

Connelley, William

Cook, A. C.

Cook, Albert F.


Cope, Al

Corn, Jack

Corn, Mrs.

Cotton, Hazel

Cotton, Lillian "Lillly" Jenkins

Cotton, Marion

Coxey's Army

Crawford, C. L.

Culligan, "Old"

Cummings, Edna Evans

Daly, Bob

Daly, Bridgett

Daly, Dennis

Daly, Joe

Daly, John

Davies, Alec (or Alex)

Davis, Betty Evans

Davis, Walter

Day, Edward C., US Dist. Attny.

Delano, W.m.

DeLong, Dan

Denson, Mrs. T. J.

Derr, John


Dettwiler, Emil

Dettwiler, Eugene

Dettwiler, Georgia

Dettwiler, Ralph

Dettwiler, Roy

Dettwiler, Ruth

Dettwilers, (family)

Deveraux, E. L. & Co.

Dillon, Edna

Ding, Sag

Dingley, Stanley

Diver, F. I.

Divers, Amber

Divers, F. I.

Divers, Mrs. Mary E.

Dodds, Rev. F. E.

Dodge, Wagner

Doerschuk, E. E.

Dolan, Tom

Donlan, Edward

Donahue, Col. Dan

Dove, Harmon

Doyle, Andy

Doyle, brothers

Doyle, Mr. & Mrs.

Duffy, Agnes

Duffy, George

Duffy, Jim

Duffy, John

Duffy, Katherine

Duggy, Kathleen "Katie"

Duffy, Margaret

Duffy, Mrs.

Duffy, Patrick

Duffy, Patrick, Sr.

Duffy, Tom

Duncan, James

Dunn, Max

Dunn, Mr.

Dunn, Mrs.

Dushi, Wilbur


Easter, Bernice

Easter, Ella

Easter, Elmer

Easter, Gloria

Easter, Kaie

Easter, Mary

Easter, Millard

Easter, Sterling

Edwards, Jason

Edworthy, B. V.

Ellinghouse, Harriet

Ellinwood, Howard

Ellinwood, Hazel

Ellis, Charles "Billy"

Ellis, Grandma (see Almeda)

Ellis, Almeda

Ellis, Nettie

Ellis, Solon

Ellis, Tommy

Ellis, U. E. "Urie"

Ellis, William

Emard, Georgiana

Emerson, Dempsey

Emerson, Mrs. Dempsey

Engle, Earl

Engle, Grandma Virginia.

Engle, Grandpa Isaac

Engle, Guy J.

Engle, Mrs. E. "Katie"

Eplin, Bertha

Ettien, Sue

Eureka Lumber Co.

Evans, David

Evans, Edna

Evans, Elizabeth Jane

Evans, Grandfather Wm.

Evans, Lillian Raynor

Evans, Millicent

Evans, Mrs. Martha

Evans, Thomas

Evans, Walter

Evans, Warren

Everett, Bob

Fainberg, M.

Faught, family

Fields, Mr.

Fillerup, Barbara

Fillerup, children

Fillerup, Montana

Finnegan, (see Finnigan)

Finnigan, Bill

Finnigan, James "Jim"

Finnigan, Lottie Hazelroth

Finnigan, Wm. C. "Bill"

Fisher, Eva

Fisher, J.

Fleming, Mildred

Florin, J. W.

Foch, Marshal


Folda, Charles

Folland, Melisa

Fon, Li

Fon, Wong

Fontia, Li

Foote, Fred

Freeman, James "Jim"

Fulks, Alice (Mrs. John)

Fulks, Chas. "Charlie"

Fulks, Fern

Fulks, Golda

Fulks, John

Fulks, Mabel

Fulks, Pearl

Fulks, William

Gamble, Wallace "Wally"

Garber, Miss

Gardner, George

Garred, Chester

Gavin, Emil


Geske, Wm. "Bill"

Getty, Agnes

Ginther, W. R.

Gittings, Mr.

Goode, George

Gordon, Al

Gordon, Blanche

Gordon, Granville J. "Granny"

Gordon, Grace

Gordon, Pauline Reithmiller

Gordon, Stella

Gore, Ed "Eddy"

Grandahl, K. E.

Granvill, Richard

Graybill, Adelaine

Graybill, Edith

Green, "Old Man"

Green, Almeda Lake

Green, E. L.

Green, Leda Jenkins

Green, Lyle

Green, Mrs.

Green, Sheriff

Greer, Chester A. "Chess"

Greer, Dan

Greer, Ethel Fulks (Bartholomew)

Greer, Goldie

Greer, Laura

Greer, Mary

Greer, Ruby

Greer, William


Grigsby's Rough Riders

Gunderson, Ole

Hagerty, Mary Ellen (see Jenkins)

Hagerty, Mr.

Hagerty, Mrs.

Hale, Alfred

Hale, Mr.

Hall, Ross

Hammons, Alice

Hammons, Bessie

Hammons, Joe W.

Hammons, Joe & Myrtle (see Hammon)

Hammons, Kenneth

Hammons, Mrs. Joseph

Hampton, Agnes Jenkins

Hampton, Arthur "Art"

Hampton, Edward

Hampton, Florence "Fanny"

Hampton, Margery,

Hampton, Mary

Hampton, Sam

Hampton, Sgt. Geo. E.

Hampton, Stewart

Hannon, Champ

Hansen, Chris

Hansen, E.

Hanson, C. C.


Harker, Grandma

Harker, Grandpa

Harker, Harry

Harker, Jay

Harker, Mary

Harris, Emerson Pitt

Harris, Frank

Harris, H. A.

Hart, Roy

Hartman, Joe L. (Sheriff)

Harvey, Ford

Hatch, Pete

Hattery, Dr. H.H.

Haves, Red

Haviland, Bernice

Hayden, "Old Shorty"

Hayes, Paddy

Hayes, Wm. R.

Held, William F.

Helterline, Dr. L. G.

Higgins, Harlen J.

Higgins, Sam

Higgins, William J. "Bill"

Hillman, F. M.

Hippert, W. E.

Hitchcock & Hitchner

Hoan, D. W.

Hobbs, Billy

Holbert, Samuel "Sam"

Hollar, Golda "Goldie" Fulks

Holmes, H. W.

Honberger, Kinney

Hong, Chou

Hoover, President Herbert

Horn, Thomas


Hougland, Fred S.

Hoyt, R. R.

Hull, Phil

Humbird Lumber Co.

Humbolt Lumber Co.

Hyatt, "Daddy"

Hylent, James

Innes, Ellen Jenkins

Iuone, Lea

Jackson, H. D.

Jamison, George

Jamison, Loren "Lanky"

Jamison, Mrs. Zella W. Brown

Jenkins, Agnes

Jenkins, Bob

Jenkins, Ellen

Jenkins, Everett

Jenkins, Freeman

Jenkins, Grandma

Jenkins, Howard

Jenkins, John "Buster"

Jenkins, Leda

Jenkins, Lucy Allan

Jenkins, Mary Ellen "Minnie" Hagerty

Jenkins, Robert

Johnson, A. M.

Johnson, Archie

Johnson Hiram

Johnson, Jude Legault (Fulks)

Johnson, Mr.

Jones, David

Joquist, Roy

Keene, T. M.

Kennedy, John

King Bros.

King, Frank

King, George F.

King, Jesse

King, Loren

Kirschbaum, C. E.

Kirschbaum, Harry E. "Harvey"

Kline, Albert Joseph "AJ"

Kline, Albert M.

Kline, Jerold

Kline, Kenneth

Kline, Raymond

Kline Roland

Kline, Sophia

Kline Wilhelma

Knott, Anna

Knott, Bessie

Knott, Emma

Knott, Georgia

Knott, Henry

Knott, May

Knutson, Andrew "Andy"

Knutson, Charlie

Knutson, Eleanor

Knutson, John "Johnny"

Knutson, Mary

Knutson, Rhoda

Knutson, Ruth

Koppe, Fred

Kraus, Henry, Jr.

Ku, Son

Kutter, Oscar E.

LaFAun, Mr.

LaFfay, Lois (or LaFfey)

LaFollette, Bob

Lake, Almeda

Lake, Dale

Lake, Lula

Lake, Mrs. Walter (see Lula)

Lake, Stanley

Lake, Walter V.

LaMarche, Geraldine Brooks

Lansdon, W. E.

Lapway, Mr.

Larse, Miss

Larson, Anna McDonald

Larson, Bob

Larson, Glen

Larson, Henry A.

Larson, John

Larson H. H. (see Marienus)

Larson, Madeline Brown

Larson, Marienus "Marion"

Larson, Maude E.

Larson, Mrs.

Larson, Sam

LaRue, N. J.

Lauderdale Tramway

Lauderdale Shingle Mill



Laughlin, Denver

Laughlin, Maxine Higgins

Layton, Patsy Duffy

Lee, (Chinese)


Legault, Arthur

Legault, Julia "Jude"

Legault, Mrs.

Leger, Doc.

Ling, Chow

Little, Frank

Lloyd, Will

Lockman, Earl

Lockman, Mrs. Earl

Long, Gee

Lonie, Wong

Lott, E. H.


Love, E. W.

Loveland, L. "Lou"

Lum Chum

Luther, Elsie

Luther, Mr.

Lux, (brothers)

Lux, James

Lyons, Frank B.

Lyons, Mrs. Frank

Lyons, York

Mabie, Joseph

MacGowan, Annie

MacSpadden, Georgia Knott

Malberg, Ruth

Manicke, Herman

Manicke, W. H.

Mansfield, Mike

Marine, Gladys Ellinwood

Marlow, Emory

Marlow, William E.

Martin, D. H.

Mass, Fred

Matheny, O. C.

Mathews, J.

Matice, Bill

Matice, Mrs. Bill

May, Charles

May, Christie Agnes

Maynard, C. L.

Maynard, Charles H. "Charlie"

Maynard, (County Commissioner)

Maynard, Donald L.

Mays, Tom

McBee, Ruth Mercer

McBride, Miss

McCann, Edna

McDonald, Anna

McDonald, Florence

McDonald, Hattie

McDonald, William


McFee, Clarence

McFee, Elmer

McFee, Jessie


McKay, Ann

McKay, Annie McGowan

McKay, Bob

McKay, Christie Agnes May

McKay, Francis

McKay, Gene

McKay, Ingrid Sundgaard

McKay, J. F. (Sanders County Commissioner)

McKay, Janet

McKay, John Charles

McKay, John Francis

McKay, John Henry

McKay, Maurice

McKay, Patricia

McKay, Rose

McKay, Ruth

McKay, Thomas

McKiernan, Frank

McKinley, William (Pres.)

McQuade, Ruth Dettwiler

Maynard, C. (Sanders County Commissioner)

Meadows, James

Meadows, Ray

Meadows, Roy

Meadows, Wm. C.

Meath, R. E.

Mercer, Chas.

Mercer, Essie Thomson

Meyer, Henry J.

Meyer, Paul R.

Miles, Geo

Millar, Jim (see Hames Miller)

Miller, Jas. (Jim or James)

Miller, Kenny

Miller, Mary Greer

Minard, P. L

Minear, P. L.

Minear, Frank "Francis"

Minear, Fred

Minton, H. C.

Minton, Mrs. H. C.

Moderie, (family)

Moonan, Thos.

Moore, Audrey

Moore, Carmen

Moore, Frank

Moore, James

Moore, Lottie Hazelroth

Moran, Pat

Moran, Tom

Mosby, Emil

Munson, C. D. "Charlie"

Munson, Ed

Munson, Vern "Flattail"

Murray, Ray

Mussuto, Bernice Easter

Myers, Henry L. (Senator)

Nason, Wm.

Neffner, H. C.

Nelson, Glen

Newlon, Katherine

Newlon, Mr.

Norman, Alex

Nu, Lake

Older, Rollo

Orr, Alex

Oullett, Dick

Parker, J. R.

Parks, Wade P.

Parrot, Frank

Paulen, Miss

Peek, Dr. E.

Penner, Pete

Percy, Clara

Percy, Frank

Perry (a colored man)

Peterson, Albert

Peterson, Alex

Phillips, Enid

Phillips, George

Phillips, George R.

Phillips, Mrs. George

Pilik, Jack

Pilik, Jimmie

Pilik, John

Pilik, Stanley

Powell, Ross

Pringle, Doneita

Prinze, Al

Prinze, Clara Evans

Prongua, (County Commissioner)

Prouty, Jack

Quaw, Miss Mignon

Rader, Benjamin G.

Randolph, Thomas "Tom"

Ranes, Lafayette

Rankin, Jeanette

Rasmussen, Katie Duffy

Ray Bros.

Raynor, Arthur H.

Raynor, Bessie

Raynor, Charles E.

Raynor, Ed

Raynor, Ernest "Ernie"

Raynor, Fred W.

Raynor, Gilbert "Gib"

Raynor, Harold

Raynor, Harriet Louise Foland

Raynor, Henry

Raynor, James "Jim"

Raynor, Joel

Raynor, Leslie

Raynor, Lillian

Raynor, Roy

Raynor, Ruth

Raynor, Sherman

Raynor, Wesley

Regnold, Melvin


Reygle, Edward

Rhoades, Leon

Riley, Adam

Riley, Amos

Riley, Grandma

Robb, Walter

Roosevelt, Theodore (President)

Ross, Kenneth.

Ross, (see Camp, Ross)

Roth, Cora Brown

Roth, Gertrude

Rutledge, R. H.

Saint, Alice

Saint, Anthony Wayne

Saint, Benjamin F. USFS Ranger)

Saint, Fern Fulks

Saint, H. R. "Bob"

Saint, James C. "Jim"

Saint LaFern (see Fern)

Salisbury (mine)

Sand, Agnes

Sanda, Albert O. "Sandy"

Sandy, Charlie

Savage, Geraldine

Scheffler, "Dutch" Henry

Scheffler, Clyde

Scheffler, P. H.

Schiller, John

Schofield, Dr. Charles

Schwint, Adolph

Schwints, "Old" Mr. & Mrs.

Severson, Mrs. Anna

Shields, Carl

Shields, Elmer

Shields, Margaret

Shockey, Roy

Schultz, H. C.

Shumard, Mr.

Sil, Ling

Silcox, F. A.

Simmons, Glen

Skelton, J. W.

Skelton, Johnny

Skelton, Nellie

Skelton, Nellie Duffy

Skinner, Cyriac

Slagle, A.B.

Smith, Bill

Smith, Doc

Smith, Douglas

Smith, Mary

Smith, Fred

Smith, Harold

Smith, Professor Chas. H.

Smith, Sybyl

Smith, Virgie

Spann, W. M.

Spohr, (sheriff)

Spoor, Raymond

St. Clair, Mrs.

Stackhouse, Dr.

Stevens, Supervisor

Stewart, Samuel V. (Gov.)

Strom, Ed

Strom, William

Swanson, "Swan"

Tabor, Reverend.

Tallmadge, Harry V.

Tallmadge, Sarah LeBert (see Foster & Stanley)

Tauscher, Hubert

Tauscher, Ruth McKay

Taylor, Betty

Taylor, Emma

Taylor, Golda

Thompson, David

Thomson, Anna "Annie"

Thomson, Emmett E.

Thomson, Essie

Thomson, Kelly

Thomson, Ruth

Thomson, Urie

Toothacre, "Doc"

Tuttle, Alice

Ully, Jack

Vanek, Mona Leeson

Voorhis, Jerry

Voorhis, J. L.

Wade. I. M.

Wagener, Rena Swanson

Wagner, Gust

Wagner, Louis G.

Warbasse, Dr.

Watson, Eugene

Watson, John

Watson, Mary

Watson, Mathew "Matt"

Watson, Mrs.

Waylette, Albertine

Weare, Clifford A. "Buster"

Weare, Clifford R.

Weare, Emma

Weare, Ethel M. Baxter

Weare, Freda

Weare, Marian

Weare, Peter

Weaver, Jim

Weber, Elizabeth Larson

Weber, Ernest

Weiholt, I. A.

Weylette, Albertine

Wellington, Dewey

Wheeler, Burton

White, A. C.


White, Compton

White, L. L.



Wilson, Elihu

Wilson, Harry

Wilson, Homer

Wilson, Irene

Wilson, President Woodrow

Wilson, Zinc

Wing, Mr.

Winters, Mrs.

Woodson, O. E.

Younker, Alfred

Younker, Lyle

Younker, Mary Easter

Ziegler, Mr.

Monday, March 21, 2011



While most of the county residents were at the three-day picnic at Alger, Montana saluting the returned service men, a robbery was taking place at gunpoint in Heron.

July 7, 1919
"The general store of Kinney Honberger, at Heron ...was robbed of goods and money valued at $3,150 by two men shortly before midnight Friday night ... the proprietor and one customer were held up, tied up, and put in the cellar where they finally worked themselves loose and notified Sheriff Hartman...
"Goods stolen consisted of $1,500 in Liberty bonds, $700 in thrift stamps, $750 in cash and three cases of whiskey, valued at $80 each." The robbers used revolvers. "It later developed there were three men in the party and they walked to Heron and escaped the same way, going to Clarks Fork and Hope, Idaho ...
"On Sunday morning Ray Murray, a Milwaukee fireman address unknown and Tom Mays, of Paradise were arrested at Hope and brought to jail ... Murray pleaded guilty.
"The other holdup man is Raymond Spoor, of Sand Point, who got away from Murray and Mays. Spoor had the cash, bonds, and thrift stamps. Spoor was clever enough to get Mays and Murray drunk so he could leave them.
"Roy Hart and Jack Prouty are on the trail of Spoor and it is likely that he will soon be in custody."
Noxon's returned servicemen included heros the children could look up to, balancing the other influences in their lives. If life lacked in material things, it was so rich in the adventures of living few children considered themselves poor. But when soldiers returned from the war across the ocean, well, now that was an especially enriching adventure to remember! More exciting even than talking about the cheap crooks who occasionally made headlines.

Sargeant Geo. E. Hampton son of Edward Hampton, a former resident of Noxon, stayed with relatives in Noxon long enough to recount many of his experiences before going to visit his parents at Port Angeles, WA where they'd moved to in 1917.
"Sargeant Hampton has the French decoration for bravery the Croix de Guerre with Bronze Star and Citation Certificate ... awarded by General Petain with the approval of the Commander in chief of the American Expeditionary Forces in France ..."1.
Every school kid who saw it was awed, as schoolteachers read Stewart's citation aloud to them:
"Sargeant Geo. E. Hampton, Co. C 1st Signal Batn. 'Besides establishing telephonic communication between the Regimental post of command and that of the Battalion under violent bombardment, he advanced with the first wave of Marines during a violent attack at Blac Mont on the front and left flank."
Following the war, crimes in Sanders County settled back into normal patterns. Dick Oullett, Geo. Good, Denver Laughlin, Alec Allan, Chester Garred and Walter Davis, jurors in the court of Justice W. C. Adams, found H. J. Beal innocent of stealing a mink skin Mr. McKernin had missed and accused Beal of stealing. County Attorney Alvord presented the states case. A. S. Ainsworth, Esq. defended Beal.2.

Crimes were changing, too. Theodore Roosevelt was president. Changes in the law would soon add new dimensions. Bootlegging to Idaho would change into moonshining and bootleg running from Canada southward.

Since the end of 1915, Washington and Idaho had had a "dry" law, which served to make Noxon dances very popular. Montanans also put liquor in the NPRR tender, burying it, then bring it into Idaho on the train. Swan Swanson, who managed large crews of men who got out timber products for him, said,
"Everett Jenkins bought so damned much whiskey when the country went dry. It would have been dry if he hadn't had all that. He and Bob put in half a carload before the country went dry, you know and had it stashed up. He sold it. He took his whiskey out of the valley.
"They used to make a joke about him going on the train all the time with a suitcase that was always full of whiskey. He got good money for it. He got five and ten dollars a quart for every darn bit of it. That's where he made his money."3.
Emil Dettwiler didn't fool with liquor, being more concerned with the problem of getting across the river to Heron to sell the vegetables he grew to the store, or to ship them out of the valley. The river had a high current and to get across the river in a rowboat you had to row way upstream, get out to the current, then row like heck to get across before it floated you too far down stream and into the rocky disaster of the Heron Rapids. The same process was used to return.

But every once in a while someone would untie his boat and it would get down the river. Dettwiler had to build about five different rowboats to cross the Clark's Fork. One particular boat would carry about two tons of freight across the river.

One day when he went to use it, someone had chopped off the tree that he'd left his prized boat chained and padlocked up to. So Emil walked down the river to Clark's Fork, looking for it.
"It was 1918, when World War I was being fought," Ruth Dettwiler said.
"It was taken and used for transporting moonshine to Idaho. My dad walked all the way to Clarks Fork and all the way back searching both sides of the river for it. He'd even asked John Derr to let him know if he saw it."4.
 He talked to Derr, a businessman, about his loss, telling him about the cost of lumber to build it. When he got back to the railroad bridge there were two army boys. They said they'd been there about 10 days, guarding the bridge.

The soldiers told him the boat had gone by the day before, being towed by a big powerboat. Emil learned that Derr had been using his boat to haul cases of liquor from Cabinet.
"Archie Johnson, a fiddler with a big wart on one side of his face and big bushy mustache, always chewing tobacco, would get his fiddle out and play for us," Austin Clayton said. "He owned a team of horses.
"Archie would get his team and bring a case of whiskey from the Idaho line down to Cabinet. Then they'd transfer it to the boat on the river where it would be run down to Sandpoint for sale."5.
Noxon's only two entertainment businesses were Bill Finnigan's Saloon and Charlie Maynard's Saloon. Both enjoyed a lively trade on Main Street, serving drinks and having card tables and pool tables where men gathered. Finnigan had a victrola and many records and while Saturday nights got loud, they were circumspect for their time. Men argued, discussed, enjoyed games and drank hard liquor.

Until - prohibition became effective with passage of the Bolstead Act, effective at midnight December 30, 1918, making it illegal nationwide to sell alcoholic beverages.

That ended Finnigan's saloon business. He closed up. Charlie Maynard's saloon business ended, too, in 1918. He gave it to his son, Don, who turned it into a poolhall and card hall where men still gathered to play poker, until laws ended that, too.

Finnigan was in the county jail awaiting trial. He died there. His place stayed vacant until Jim Finnigan, his brother, sold it to Mrs. Ethel Bartholomew. Ethel and her sister, Jude Legault Johnson, converted it into a restaurant. They operated it in conjunction with the rooming house they had in a cabin behind the restaurant.

But were men really going to give up their liquor? Before long making moonshine became a way of livelihood for many area residents all across the country. Western Sanders County was certainly no exception.

Booze wasn't only coming in from Canada. Albert Sandy, who lived far up Pilgrim Creek, soon had the reputation for making premier whiskey. Also a liquor running business at Heron sent regular loads out over the west fork of Elk creek over Divide Ridge by packhorse out of Montana into Idaho. It was quite successful.6.
"Old Shorty Hayden, he was a bootlegger," Lanky Jamison said. "He sold it. I was fishing up on Elk Creek and I walked right into his still. You know, he was running it. You could smell it. Not everyone was involved in it, of course. Not the Chinamen nor Clifford Weare, for example.
"I never seen Chinamen bootleg," Weare said. "Maynard done the bootlegging. And a fella named Red Haves here. Red Haves. And Ethel Bartholomew, she done the selling. And Albert Sandy, he lived up on there on Pilgrim Creek. He made the best whiskey, they said.
"Everybody pret' near, 'ceptin Cliff Weare, hahaha. I never. They wanted me to. This Red Haves and Coley Calvin bootlegged. He made it up there. He didn't sell it.
"I was clearing land on my homestead and Red Haves wanted me to. 'I'll pick you up a still and you run it in your clearing here and they'll never suspect you of it,' he said. He'd bring me over everything at night, 'And all you gotta do is keep a fire under it.' But I never done that. Hahaha.7.
"Albert Sandy. Albert Sandy, he would tell me a funny story. He got an order for 10 gallons of bootleg whiskey, of moonshine. So he said he put it in a pickup truck. He had an old truck. And he started to Spokane with it.
"'I kept a pint out to drink on the way because it was pretty cold,' he said.
"He'd never drove in the city, or anything, and he started down the street, looking for this place. Well, he was driving on the wrong side of the street. So pretty soon they hailed him (cop stopped him) and they said, 'Where you going?'
"He told 'em he come from Montana and where he wanted to go. They seen he was drinking a little, you know, the sheriff or whoever he was. 'Get over and I'll drive you down to where you want to go,' this sheriff told him.
"Albert, he moved over, and they drove him down to the jail! Hahaha. 'C'mon. You can leave your truck right in here. It won't go no place.' "So Sandy went in, and the sheriff put him in jail. The next morning he was brought before the police judge.
"'What's this man charged with?' "'He's driving on the wrong side of the street and he's drinking, and don't know where he's a goin', and so on."
"Sandy said, 'I looked at the police judge and I knew I'd seen him somewhere before. But I don't know where. And I looked at him quite a while then it come to me. He was up there on Pilgrim Creek fishing. Him and two other guys was there and one of them go so drunk,' Sandy says, 'that he couldn't get into the truck and they loaded him in. They'd bought the whiskey from me'.
"The police judge said, 'Where you from?' "'Noxon'. "'Your name's Albert Sandy?' "'Yah.' "'You live on Pilgrim Creek?' "'Yah.' "'Well, next case,' the judge said. 'Let his case go until morning.' "So Sandy says, 'They put me back in the jail and I stayed there all night, the next night, and the next morning they went down and the judge said, 'Your name is Albert Sandy, and you never drove in the city before, did you?' Sandy said he hadn't.
"'Well,' the judge said, 'you was driving on the wrong side of the street.' "'Well, I might a been. I didn't pay no attention,' Sandy said.
"The judge said, 'For this time, case is dismissed.' "Sandy said the judge was the fella who was so drunk they had to load him up when he was fishing. "'I went out and looked, and my ten gallon of whiskey was gone. I turned around and drove back to Noxon.' "They'd got the booze and turned Sandy loose." Weare always laughed when telling the story.
It isn't likely that the editor was laughing when he wrote in the August 7, 1919 edition of Sanders County Independent Ledger,
"A party of Washigton (sic) bootleggers caused considerable excitement in the west end of Sanders County on last Friday, and gave the local officers quite a chase, resulting in the arrest of five of the bootleggers and confiscating of 55 gallons of whiskey and two Super Six Hudsons and an Oldsmobile.
"The party of bootleggers had gone to Missoula from Spokane to purchase 120 gallons of whiskey from Geo. Miles. On Thursday evening about 7 o'clock they went to the old brickyards where Miles had the whiskey cached and it was put in the cars and just as it was loaded one of the bootleggers came up and ordered all to hold up their hands."
Miles was a U. S. Revenue agent. The bootleggers figured out that it was a frame up. Miles fought with one man, who declared he was also a revenue officer. The others then jumped in and Miles was beaten badly before the bootleggers drove away.
"Miles came to in a few hours and rushed to the Sheriffs office where word was sent out to stop the cars and Deputy Sheriffs Roy Hart and Jack Prouty were on the watch here. The cars came to town about 2:30 Friday morning and they split up taking side streets and the officers, including Sheriff Hartman who had come down to catch (NPRR train) No 4 started bombarding the cars with their revolvers, but failed to disable any, although it was afterwards learned that one car was hit in three places and a bloody handkerchief was found in the car that was hit.
"The officers with I. M. Wade and his speeder then followed the cars and at Trout Creek left word to phone to Noxon which side of the river the cars were coming. The cars started up the river and the word was phoned that they were coming up the north side but they evidently started that way to fool the officers on watch, as they came back and crossed the bridge and got by Noxon on the other road.
"One car got as far as the Clarks Fork ferry when the occupants John Arnold and Wm. Nason were arrested and brought back here and later taken to Missoula. The whiskey had been cached and the occupants of the other car abandoned them.
"On Saturday J. Mathews with his lawyer A. B Slagle of Spokane arrived here and tried to claim one of the cars, but it happened the victim of the holdup, Miles, was here with Sheriff Green, of Missoula, and he identified Mathews as one of the gang and he was placed under arrest and taken to Missoula with Arnold and Nason.
"On Monday another car was recovered at the W. R. Ginther ranch where it was left by the men, saying it was broke down and they would go after repairs.
"Fifty-five gallons of the whiskey and the Oldsmobile are at Sandpoint where Sheriff Spohr contends that it is contraband of Idaho as it was found on that side of the line. "But the local officials expect to show Sheriff Spohr that he is mistaken. "The bootleggers certainly made a supreme effort to reach the Idaho line, their time from Plains to Thompson Falls was 35 minutes and they drove at a speed of 50 to 60 miles an hour all the way."
While the revenue men were looking for the three cars, Sheriff Joe Hartman's friend, Clifford Weare, said that Hartman didn't want to catch the moonshiners. The county judge was a southerner who kept a big jug of moonshine in his safe. The bootleggers were tried by him with no convictions being made. Shultz, who was quite a gambling man, was the county attorney. The three of them were in cahoots.8.
September 9, 1920
"So long as most people consider the prohibition law a joke, so long will bootleggers abound. U.S. District Attorney Edward C. Day says many persons think it a fine trick to operate illicit stills and peddle intoxicants."
The law officers know booze comes in from Canada regularly and believe airplanes, flying over the valley, are carrying moonshine. A new era has fingered its way into the valleys behind the shining mountains of Montana. Jim Saint got rid of his team of horses and remodeled his long, narrow building, just west of Henry Larson's home. Removing the horse stalls, he made a garage for the Baby Overland car he'd bought, brand new. He was out of the logging business and into bootleg running.9.

  1. Sanders County Independent Ledger, August 14, 1919.
  2. Sanders County Independent Ledger, November 6, 1919.
  3. Swan Swanson, tape-recorded oral history January 15, 1970
  4. Ruth Dettwiler McQuaide, oral history April 19, 1988
  5. Austin Clayton, oral history, July 12, 1982.
  6. Heron Reminisce Day, July 12, 1982.
  7. Clifford R. Weare, tape-recorded oral history, March 10, 1972.
  8. Clifford R. Weare, tape-recorded oral history, March 10, 1972.
  9. H. R. Bob Saint, tape-recorded oral history, November 18, 1983.